Study shows that cycling is associated with reduced risk of both all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among people with diabetes

High-intensity interval training combining rowing and cycling improves insulin sensitivity, body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in obesity and type 2 diabetes

Access to cancer medicines and clinical trials show stark variations across Europe

Access to cancer medicines is highly unequal across Europe both for new drugs in development because of uneven access to clinical trials and for currently approved drugs due to huge disparities in healthcare spending by different countries, according to results from studies presented at ESMO 2020.

Measuring brainwaves while sleeping can tell if you should switch antidepressants

Scientists have discovered that measuring brainwaves produced during REM sleep can predict whether a patient will respond to treatment from depression. This enables patients to switch to a new treatment rather than continue the ineffective treatment (and the depression) for weeks without knowing the outcome.

‘Social smokers’ face disproportionately high risk of death from lung disease and lung cancer

‘Social smokers’ are more than twice as likely to die of lung disease and more than eight times as likely to die of lung cancer than non-smokers, according to research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress.

Changes in gut microbiota can significantly impact alcohol-related liver disease and cancer risk

Studies evaluating fecal microbial transplant and inflammatory signalling highlight the significance of gut microflora in alcohol-related liver disease and hepatocarcinogenesis

Long-term exposure to air pollution within EU regulations linked to impaired breathing in children and new cases of asthma in adults

Babies exposed to levels of air pollution within EU standards develop poorer lung function as children and teenagers, according to research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress. The study also suggests that some of the risk from exposure to pollution can be reduced if babies are breastfed for at least 12 weeks.

Electronic alert reduces excessive prescribing of short-acting asthma relievers

An automatic, electronic alert on general practitioners’ (GPs) computer screens can help to prevent excessive prescribing of short-acting asthma reliever medication, according to research presented at the ‘virtual’ European Respiratory Society International Congress

ALZHEIMER’S RISK FACTORS MAY BE MEASURABLE IN ADOLESCENTS AND YOUNG ADULTS

Risk factors for Alzheimer’s dementia may be apparent as early as our teens and 20s, according to new research reported at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference ® (AAIC®) 2020.

A BLOOD TEST FOR ALZHEIMER’S? MARKERS FOR TAU TAKE US A STEP CLOSER

At the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference ® (AAIC®) 2020, scientists reported results of multiple studies on advances in blood “tests” for abnormal versions of the tau protein, one of which may be able to detect changes in the brain 20 years before dementia symptoms occur. In particular, the reports focus on a specific form of tau known as p-tau217, which seems to be the most specific to Alzheimer’s and the earliest to show measurable changes.

European Congress of Urology goes virtual

The 35th Annual European Congress of Urology (EAU) will be held virtual on 17th-26th of July, followed by the EAU20 Theme Week of evening sessions on 20th-26th of July.